top of page

ADHD - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that impacts people. Individuals with ADHD may appear restless, have difficulty concentrating, and may act on impulse.

ADHD symptoms are often seen at a young age and may become more obvious as a child's surroundings change, such as starting school.

The majority of instances are diagnosed while children are under the age of 12, however it can be diagnosed later in life.

ADHD is sometimes misdiagnosed as a youngster and only discovered as an adult.

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the brain's ability to control attention, impulses, and behavior. People with ADHD may have difficulty focusing on tasks, organizing themselves, and completing tasks. They may also be hyperactive and impulsive, finding it difficult to sit still or control their actions.

ADHD can affect people of all ages, and while it is more common in children, it can also affect adults. The exact cause of ADHD is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

There is no cure for ADHD, but it can be managed with medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. With the right treatment, people with ADHD can lead fulfilling and successful lives.

Other issues, including as sleep and anxiety difficulties, may occur in people with ADHD.

Parents of ADHD children
Caring for a child with ADHD can be difficult, but it's vital to realise that they can't control their behaviour.

Certain daily activities may be more challenging for you and your kid, such as:

how to persuade your child to sleep at night
getting ready for school on time, listening to and following directions, being organised for social events, and shopping.

Adults with ADHD

Adults with ADHD may find they have problems with:

  • organisation and time management

  • following instructions

  • focusing and completing tasks

  • coping with stress

  • feeling restless or impatient

  • impulsiveness and risk taking

Some adults may also have issues with relationships or social interaction.

Children with ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can pose challenges for children in various aspects of life, including school, social interactions, and self-regulation.

Here are some common symptoms of ADHD in children:

  1. Inattention: Children with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, following instructions, and completing tasks. They may also struggle to organize and prioritize their activities and often appear forgetful or absent-minded.

  2. Hyperactivity: Children with ADHD may exhibit excessive restlessness and fidgeting, often appearing as if they are constantly on the go. They may have difficulty sitting still, waiting their turn, or playing quietly.

  3. Impulsivity: Children with ADHD may act without thinking and have difficulty controlling their impulses. They may interrupt others, blurt out answers, and have difficulty waiting their turn.

  4. Forgetfulness: Children with ADHD may forget to do tasks or may lose things frequently.

  5. Difficulty with Executive Functioning: This includes difficulty with starting tasks, planning, organizing, and completing tasks.

It is essential to note that every child with ADHD may exhibit a different combination of symptoms, and these symptoms may vary in severity. If you suspect that your child may have ADHD, it is recommended to seek professional evaluation and treatment.

However, there are several strategies that can help children cope with ADHD:

  1. Establish a Routine: Children with ADHD tend to benefit from having a structured routine, as it can help them manage their time and stay focused. Set a regular schedule for daily activities, including waking up, meals, homework, and bedtime.

  2. Break Tasks into Smaller Steps: Breaking larger tasks into smaller steps can make them more manageable for children with ADHD. This can help reduce overwhelm and make it easier for them to focus on one task at a time.

  3. Use Visual Aids: Visual aids such as pictures, charts, or calendars can help children with ADHD understand and remember tasks and responsibilities. For instance, you can use a whiteboard to list daily tasks or a color-coded calendar to help them keep track of important dates.

  4. Provide Positive Reinforcement: Positive reinforcement can encourage good behavior and help children with ADHD stay motivated. Praise and reward their efforts, such as completing a task, staying focused, or following instructions.

  5. Encourage Physical Activity: Physical activity can help reduce hyperactivity and improve focus in children with ADHD. Encourage your child to engage in regular physical activities, such as sports, dancing, or yoga.

  6. Seek Professional Help: ADHD is a medical condition that requires professional diagnosis and treatment. Seek help from a qualified healthcare professional, such as a pediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist, who can provide appropriate treatment options, including medication, therapy, or a combination of both.

  7. Support and Empathize: Support your child and show empathy for their struggles. Children with ADHD may experience frustration, anxiety, or low self-esteem. Show them that you understand their challenges and are there to help them cope and succeed.

Strategies for coping

There are several strategies and techniques that can be helpful for managing ADHD symptoms. Here are some tips:

  1. Seek a professional diagnosis: If you suspect you have ADHD, it's important to get a professional diagnosis from a healthcare provider. This can help you understand your symptoms and develop a treatment plan that's tailored to your needs.

  2. Medication: Medication can be an effective treatment for ADHD. There are several types of medication available that can help improve concentration, focus, and impulse control. However, it's important to work with a healthcare provider to find the right medication and dosage for you.

  3. Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy can help you learn coping strategies and develop new habits to manage your symptoms. This can include techniques such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness, and organizational skills training.

  4. Exercise: Regular exercise can help improve concentration and reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity. It can also help reduce stress and improve mood.

  5. Sleep hygiene: Getting enough sleep is important for managing ADHD symptoms. Establishing a consistent sleep routine and avoiding stimulating activities before bedtime can help improve sleep quality.

  6. Organization: Establishing routines and systems for organizing your home, workspace, and schedule can help reduce distractions and improve productivity.

  7. Support: Finding a support group or talking with friends and family can provide emotional support and help you feel less isolated.

Remember, everyone with ADHD is different, so it's important to find strategies that work for you. A combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes may be necessary for optimal management of ADHD symptoms



  • HADD Ireland provides information, support, and advocacy for individuals and families affected by ADHD.

  • Shine offers support for people with ADHD as well as other mental health conditions.


  • ADHD Foundation provides support, advice, and training for people with ADHD, their families, and professionals.

  • ADDISS (The National Attention Deficit Disorder Information and Support Service) provides information and resources about ADHD.


  • CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) offers education, advocacy, and support for individuals with ADHD and their families.

  • The Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA) provides support, information, and resources for individuals with ADHD.


  • CADDAC (Centre for ADHD Awareness Canada) provides information, support, and advocacy for individuals with ADHD and their families.

  • ADHD Canada provides information and resources about ADHD, including support groups and workshops.

bottom of page